Prostate Cancer

What are the chances?

Prostate cancer affects 1 in 7 U.S. men. If caught and treated early there is a high survival rate.

Common symptoms:

  • Frequent urination at night
  • Burning or pain during urination
  • Blood in urine
  • Difficulty urinating, or trouble starting and stopping while urinating
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Decreased flow or velocity of urine stream

Genetics:

  • Several inherited gene changes seem to raise prostate cancer risk, but they probably account for only a small percentage of cases overall. For example:
    • Men with Lynch syndrome (also known as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, or HNPCC), a condition caused by inherited gene changes, have an increased risk for a number of cancers, including prostate cancer. BRCA genes have also been implicated.
  • Family history is the strongest risk factor for prostate cancer. About 5 to 10 percent of all prostate cancers diagnosed are hereditary, meaning that an increased risk for the disease runs in the family.

Risk factors:

  • Lack of exercise and a sedentary lifestyle
  • ​High calcium intake
  • African-American race
  • ​Family history
  • ​Agent Orange exposure
  • ​Tall height

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